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2011/12 Lectures

If you want to watch the recorded courses, please click on the course name and then on the lecture number.


Mathematics Review:

Complex Analysis - Tibra Ali

Linear Algebra - Anna Kostouki

Differential Equations - Sarah Croke

Evaluation of Integrals and Calculous of Variations - Denis Dalidovich

Special Functions and Distributions - Dan Wohns

Integral Transforms and Green's Functions - David Kubiznak

Lie Groups and Lie Algebra's - Freddy Cachazo

Mathematica - Pedro Vieira

RESEARCHER PRESENTANTIONS:

Presentation 1 - Paul Fendley

Presentation 2 - Joseph Minahan

Presentation 3 - Matthias Staudacher

Presentation 4 - Yakir Aharonov

Presentation 5 - Vladimir Kazakov

Presentation 6 - Itay Yavin

Presentation 7 - Guifre Vidal

Presentation 8 - Lucien Hardy

Presentation 9 - Laurent Freidel

Presentation 10 - Robert Spekkens

Presentation 11 - Lee Smolin

Presentation 12 - Cliff Burgess

Presentation 13 - Avery Broderick

Presentation 14 - Pavel Kovtun

Presentation 15 - Subir Sachdev

Core Courses:

Quantum Theory - Adrian Kent

Introduction to path integrals and interferometry.
Relationship of quantum theory to special relativity.   The no-signalling principle.
Mixed states, entanglement, Bell's theorem and Bell experiments.   Introduction to quantum
information and some applications.

Relativity - Neil Turok

Special relativity, foundations of general relativity, Riemannian geometry, Einstein's equations, FRW and Schwarzschild geometries and their properties.

Quantum Field Theory I - Konstantin Zarembo

Canonical quantization of fields, perturbation theory, derivation of Feynman diagrams, applications in particle and condensed matter theory, renormalization in φ4.

Statistical Mechanics - Leo Kadanoff

A brief review of ensembles and quantum gases, Ising model, Landau theory of phase transitions, order parameters, topology, classical solutions.

Quantum Field Theory II - François David

Feynman Path Integral, abelian and nonabelian gauge theories and their quantization, spontaneous symmetry breaking, nonperturbative techniques: lattice field theory, Wilsonian renormalization.

Condensed Matter - Nandini Trivedi

The general principles guiding the course will be broken symmetries, phases and emergent collective modes.
Part 1 - crystals: broken translational symmetry and phonons
Part 2 - magnets: broken spin rotational symmetry and magnons
Part 3 - normal metals, electronic properties
Part 4- superconductors: broken U(1) gauge symmetry, gaps and collective
modes

Mathematical Physics - Carl Bender

This course will include the study of Perturbation Theory (Regular and Singular) Speeding Up Convergence and the Gibbs Phenomenon.

Conformal Field Theory - Jaume Gomis

An introduction to the key ideas and techniques of CFT. These theories play a central role in the study of phase transitions in statistical physics and condensed matter systems, as well as in string theory.

Review Courses:

Standard Model (Review) - Philip Schuster, Natalia Toro

Building on QFT 1 and 2, this course introduces nature's fundamental interactions and constituents as we understand them today.  We will study effective field theory, the Lagrangian of the Standard Model, the symmetry patterns in mesons and baryons, spontaneous symmetry breaking, the Higgs mechanism (including recent LHC results), flavour physics, and open questions.

Condensed Matter (Review) - Alioscia Hamma

This class will cover the following topics: Phase Transitions, Order Parameters, Kosterlitz and Thouless phase transitions, Quantum Phase Transitions, Quantum XY model, Entanglement, Fidelity and Berry Phases in QPTs, Lattice Gauge Theories, Confinement-Deconfinement Transitions, Quantum and Topological Order, Toric Code and Topological Entropy.

Foundations of Quantum Mechanics (Review) - Rob Spekkens

Operational and realistic approaches to the interpretation of quantum mechanics.  Local realism and the EDR argument. Bell's theorem and non-locality.  Contextuality and the Kochen-Specker theorem.  The deBroglie-Bohm interpretation.  The many world interpretation.

Quantum Gravity (Review) - Renate Loll

Linear gravity and gravitons.  Gravitational path integral.  Perturbative Lorentzian quantum gravity (QG) and the need for non-perturbative QG.  Constrained Hamiltonian systems.  Canonical formulation of GR.  Non-perturbative canonical QG.  The Wheeler-De Witt equation.  Loop QG.  Non-perturbative path-integral for gravity: lattice and discrete methods (Regge calculus) and causal dynamical triangulations (CDT).  Surprises in non-perturbative approach.

Gravitational Physics (Review) - Ruth Gregory

Relativist's toolkit: the geometric framework of GR, Cartan formalism, Gauss-Codazzi equations and Kaluza Klein theories.  Black Holes: 4D solutions, black hole theorems, Hawking radiation and thermodynamics.  Extra dimensions: simple supergravity solutions in string thoery (branes), the stability of these objects, then braneworlds and warped extra dimensions.

Cosmology (Review) - Latham Boyle

FRW metric, Hubble expansion, dark energy, dark matter, CMB.  Thermodynamic history of the early universe.  Growth of perturbations, CDM model of structure formation and comparison to observations, cosmic microwave background anisotropies, inflation and observational tests.

Quantum Information (Review) - Daniel Gottesman

Basic concepts: qubits, quantim gates, quantim circuits, density matrices, quantum operations, entropy, entanglement.  Topics in quantum algorithms and complexity: Languages, complexity classes, oracles, RSA, Deutsch-Jozsa algorithm, Shor's algorithm, Grover's algorithm.  Information theory and implementations: Overview of implementations, quantum error correction, quantum cryptography, quantum information theory.

String Theory (Review) - Freddy Cachazo

Why string theory? Bosonic string: massless fields in curved spacetime, point particle and Polyakov action, relativistic string, mode expansion, quantization, string spectrum, critical dimension, string theory as a theory of quantum gravity. Superstring: RNS formalism, spacetime fermions, critical dimension, type IIA and IIB superstring theories, 11D Supergravity and its dimensional reduction, D-branes, T-duality, U(N) gauge group from superstrings, M-theory, 5 string theories and their dualities. 

Beyond the Standard Model (Review) - Veronica Sanz

Evidence and rational for physics beyond the Standard Model: Neutrinos, Baryogenesis, dark matter, scale hierarchies, electro-weak precision experiments; BSM physics: Supersymmetry (a tale of unification), Technicolor (superconductivity at the LHC), Extra-dimensions (Black holes, holography and strong coupling).

Explorations Courses:

Explorations in Quantum Information - David Cory

Theory and experiment of open quantum systems. Detailed look at selected physical realizations including: Neutron Interferometry (NI); NV centres in diamond; Superconducting qubits. In each of these cases: the mapping from physical system to qubit description; the physics of the system dynamics; the experimental state of the art; the limits of coherent control and quantum information processing.

Explorations in Cosmology - Matthew Johnson, Louis Leblond

QFT in curved space. Unruh effect. Inflation: homogenous limit, density perturbations, and CMBR. Vacuum decay in QFT. Quantum cosmology and the wavefuntion of the universe. False vacuum and stochastic eternal inflation. Challenges for inflation, alternatives to inflation.

Explorations in String Theory - Pedro Vieira

Introduction to the AdS/CFT correspondence. Selected topics are presented on both sides of the gauge/gravity duality, using advanced field theoretical techniques. The decoupling argument and other motivation for the duality is given and the following topics are covered: Matrix models, Large N gauge theories, the 't Hooft limit, local and non-local observables (two and three-point functions, Wilson loops), the AdS space-time, minimal surfaces in AdS.

Explorations in Quantum Gravity - Carlo Rovelli

Introductory lectures on loop quantum gravity. Topics covered: Quanta of space, What is quatum gravity, Classical and quantum physics without time, classical GR in tertrad formalism, Holst action, Euclidean 3D gravity, Math of SU(2) and SL(2,C), Ponzanno-Regge transition amplitude, Kinematics of 4D Lorentzian quantum gravity, Spectrum of the volume operator, Coherent states, 4D partition function, Applications to cosmology and black hole physics.

Explorations in Particle Theory - David Morrissey

A wide range of astrophysics observations suggest there is much more matter that what we can see. In this course we will outline the evidence for this dark matter, investigate some of the leading particle physics candidates for it, and discuss ways to study dark matter in the laboratory.

Explorations in Numerical Relativity - Luis Lehner, Frans Pretorius

It will cover a variety of methods for solving the non-linear Einstein equations in the presence of matter in the curved space-time, as well as various problems of astrophysics in which strong non-Newtonian gravity plays a crucial role.

Explorations in Condensed Matter - Dmitry Abanin

This course will be about the physics of mesoscopic devices such as two-dimensional electron systems, thin wires, point contacts, superconducting dots in which quantum effects in the motion of charge play the major roll.